In the guide

This guidance is for England, Scotland and Wales

All prams and pushchairs, both new and used, are required to be safe. One way to ensure this is by compliance with UK standard BS EN 1888: Child care articles. Wheeled child conveyances. Safety requirements and test methods, which contains the following definition: "vehicle designed for the carriage of one or more children consisting of a chassis to which a pram body (bodies) or car seat(s) or seat unit(s) or combination of these is (are) attached, which can be manually steered while being pushed or pulled".

There are certain checks you can make on a used pushchair to ensure it is still safe, including checking there are no sharp edges, ensuring the safety harness is in good condition, verifying the parking brake works and testing the stability of the pushchair.

Supplying an unsafe product is a contravention of the General Product Safety Regulations 2005. See 'General product safety: distributors' and 'General product safety: producers' for more information on these Regulations.

All upholstered prams and pushchairs (new and used) have to comply with stringent flammability regulatory requirements too. A label indicating compliance should be located on the frame or seating cover of the new pram / pushchair.

How can I tell if my prams and pushchairs are safe?

Look for the label stating that the pram or pushchair complies with BS EN 1888. These labels are usually found on the frame or seat covering.

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Used prams and pushchairs

If prams and pushchairs have been damaged or modified, they may no longer meet the requirements of the Standard. The only way to be certain is to have the item tested by a laboratory, which is expensive. However, you can look out for the following:

  • presence of any sharp edges or points
  • folding chassis must have a primary and secondary locking device: do they both engage and work properly?
  • safety harness: is it in good condition? Make sure the harness is a secure five-point harness and the straps are not frayed
  • wheel security, and evidence of any heavy wear on the edges of wheels
  • parking brake: does it work both forwards and backwards, and does it engage properly?
  • general stability in all directions (forwards, backwards and sideways left and right)
  • tubes or linkages: have they been bent by heavy impact with kerbs or stairs?
  • presence of any finger entrapments. Ensure that exposed tubes still have some means of preventing fingers from getting trapped
  • ensure that the pram or pushchair is generally in good condition
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Flammability requirements

All upholstered prams and pushchairs (new and used) have to comply with the stringent flammability requirements contained in the Furniture and Furnishings (Fire) (Safety) Regulations 1988. New prams and pushchairs also have to carry permanent labels and display labels giving information about how they comply with the Regulations. If used items do not have a permanent label with the words 'CARELESSNESS CAUSES FIRE', it must be assumed that they do not comply and therefore should not be sold.

More information on the Regulations can be found in our guides 'New upholstered furniture' and 'Second-hand upholstered furniture'.

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Trading standards

For more information on the work of trading standards services - and the possible consequences of not abiding by the law - please see 'Trading standards: powers, enforcement and penalties'.

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In this update

No major changes.

Last reviewed / updated: December 2022

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Key legislation

Furniture and Furnishings (Fire) (Safety) Regulations 1988

General Product Safety Regulations 2005

Please note

This information is intended for guidance; only the courts can give an authoritative interpretation of the law.

The guide's 'Key legislation' links often only shows the original version of the legislation, although some amending legislation is linked to separately where it is directly related to the content of a guide. Information on changes to legislation can be found by following the above links and clicking on the 'More Resources' tab.

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Consumer enquiries from England, Scotland and Wales are handled by the Citizens Advice Consumer Service who can be contacted by telephone on 03454 04 05 06. Consumer enquiries in Northern Ireland are handled by ConsumerLine who can be contacted by telephone on 0300 1236262. Call charges may vary.

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Business enquiries are dealt with by your local council. Use the Chartered Trading Standards Institute's postcode finder to locate your local trading standards team.

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